84 FR 112 pgs. 27152-27154 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews for 91 Species in Oregon, Washington, Hawaii, and American Samoa

Type: NOTICEVolume: 84Number: 112Pages: 27152 - 27154
Docket number: [FWS-R1-ES-2019-N025; FXES11130100000C4-190-FF01E00000]
FR document: [FR Doc. 2019-12244 Filed 6-10-19; 8:45 am]
Agency: Interior Department
Sub Agency: Fish and Wildlife Service
Official PDF Version:  PDF Version
Pages: 27152, 27153

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Fish and Wildlife Service

[FWS-R1-ES-2019-N025; FXES11130100000C4-190-FF01E00000]

Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews for 91 Species in Oregon, Washington, Hawaii, and American Samoa

AGENCY:

Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION:

Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information.

SUMMARY:

We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), are initiating 5-year status reviews for 91 species in Oregon, Washington, Hawaii, and American Samoa under the Endangered Species Act of 1973. Three of these species also occur outside U.S. jurisdiction in Canada and the South Pacific. A 5-year review is based on the best scientific and commercial data available at the time of the review; therefore, we are requesting submission of any new information on these species that has become available since the last review.

DATES:

To ensure consideration in our reviews, we are requesting submission of new information no later than August 12, 2019. However, we will continue to accept new information about any species at any time.

ADDRESSES:

Submit information on the streaked horned lark via U.S. mail to Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Oregon Fish and Wildlife Office, 2600 SE 98th Ave., Suite 100, Portland, OR 97266.

Submit information on the pocket gophers, Oregon spotted frog, Taylor's checkerspot butterfly, Umtanum Desert buckwheat, and White Bluffs bladderpod via U.S. mail to Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington Fish and Wildlife Office, 510 Desmond Dr. Southeast, Suite 102, Lacey, WA 98503.

Submit information on any of the 82 Pacific Islands species (occurring in Hawaii, American Samoa, Samoa, Fiji, Tonga, and Vanuatu) via U.S. mail to Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office, 300 Ala Moana Blvd., Room 3-122, Honolulu, HI 96850; or by email to pifwo_admin@fws.gov.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

For the streaked horned lark, contact Michele Zwartjes, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Oregon Fish and Wildlife Office, at 503-231-6179.

For the pocket gophers, Oregon spotted frog, Taylor's checkerspot butterfly, Umtanum Desert buckwheat, and White Bluffs bladderpod, contact Tom McDowell, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington Fish and Wildlife Office, at 360-753-9440.

For the 82 Pacific Islands species, contact Gregory Koob, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office, at 808-792-9400.

Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8339 for TTY assistance.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Why do we conduct 5-year reviews?

Under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act; 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq. ), we maintain lists of endangered and threatened wildlife and plant species (referred to as the List) in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at 50 CFR 17.11 (for wildlife) and 17.12 (for plants). Section 4(c)(2) of the Act requires us to review each listed species' status at least once every 5 years. For additional information about 5-year reviews, refer to our factsheet at http://www.fws.gov/endangered/what-we-do/recovery-overview.html.

What information do we consider in our review?

A 5-year review considers all new information available at the time of the review. In conducting these reviews, we consider the best scientific and commercial data that have become available since the listing determination or most recent status review, such as:

(A) Species biology, including but not limited to population trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics;

(B) Habitat conditions, including but not limited to amount, distribution, and suitability;

(C) Conservation measures that have been implemented that benefit the species;

(D) Threat status and trends in relation to the five listing factors (as defined in section 4(a)(1) of the Act); and

(E) Other new information, data, or corrections, including but not limited to taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, identification of erroneous information contained in the List, and improved analytical methods.

Any new information will be considered during the 5-year review and will also be useful in evaluating the ongoing recovery programs for these species.

Which species are under review?

This notice announces our active review of the 91 species listed in the table below.

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Common name Scientific name Status Known range of species occurrence Final listing rule and publication date
Animals
Mammals:
Pacific sheath-tailed bat (South Pacific subspecies) Emballonura semicaudata semicaudata Endangered American Samoa, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, Vanuatu 81 FR 65466, 9/22/2016.
Olympia pocket gopher Thomomys mazama pugetensis Threatened Washington 79 FR 19759, 4/9/2014.
Roy Prairie pocket gopher Thomomys mazama glacialis Threatened Washington 79 FR 19759, 4/9/2014.
Tenino pocket gopher Thomomys mazama tumuli Threatened Washington 79 FR 19759, 4/9/2014.
Yelm pocket gopher Thomomys mazama yelmensis Threatened Washington 79 FR 19759, 4/9/2014.
Birds:
Hawaiian duck Anas wyvilliana Endangered Hawaii 32 FR 4001, 3/11/1967.
Streaked horned lark Eremophila alpestris strigata Threatened Oregon, Washington 78 FR 61452, 10/3/2013.
Hawaiian coot Fulica alai Endangered Hawaii 35 FR 16047, 10/13/1970.
Friendly ground-dove (American Samoa distinct population segment) Gallicolumba stairi Endangered American Samoa 81 FR 65466, 9/22/2016.
Hawaiian common gallinule Gallinula galeata sandvicensis Endangered Hawaii 32 FR 4001, 3/11/1967.
Mao Gymnomyza samoensis Endangered American Samoa, Samoa 81 FR 65466, 9/22/2016.
Band-rumped storm-petrel Oceanodroma castro Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Ou Psittirostra psittacea Endangered Hawaii 32 FR 4001, 3/11/1967.
Amphibians: Oregon spotted frog Rana pretiosa Threatened Washington, Oregon, California; Canada (British Columbia) 79 FR 51658, 8/29/2014.
Snails:
No common name Eua zebrina Endangered American Samoa 81 FR 65466, 9/22/2016.
No common name Ostodes strigatus Endangered American Samoa 81 FR 65466, 9/22/2016.
Insects:
Taylor's checkerspot butterfly Euphydryas editha taylori Endangered Oregon, Washington 78 FR 61452, 10/3/2013.
Yellow-faced bee Hylaeus anthracinus Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Yellow-faced bee Hylaeus assimulans Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Yellow-faced bee Hylaeus facilis Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Yellow-faced bee Hylaeus hilaris Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Yellow-faced bee Hylaeus kuakea Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Yellow-faced bee Hylaeus longiceps Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Yellow-faced bee Hylaeus mana Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Mariana eight-spot butterfly Hypolimnas octocula marianensis Endangered Hawaii 80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
Orangeblack Hawaiian damselfly Megalagrion xanthomelas Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
PLANTS
Flowering Plants:
Mahoe Alectryon macrococcus Endangered Hawaii 57 FR 20772, 5/15/1992.
No common name Bonamia menziesii Endangered Hawaii 59 FR 56333, 11/10/1994.
Maui reedgrass Calamagrostis expansa Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common name Calamagrostis hillebrandii Endangered Hawaii 78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
Awikiwiki Canavalia pubescens Endangered Hawaii 78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
Kamanomano Cenchrus agrimonioides Endangered Hawaii 61 FR 53108, 10/10/1996.
Kauila Colubrina oppositifolia Endangered Hawaii 59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
No common name Cyanea kauaulaensis Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common name Cyperus neokunthianus Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common name Cyperus pennatiformis Endangered Hawaii 59 FR 56333, 11/10/1994.
Haiwale Cyrtandra hematos Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Umtanum Desert buckwheat Eriogonum codium Threatened Washington 78 FR 76995, 12/20/2013.
Heau Exocarpos menziesii Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common name Festuca hawaiiensis Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Mehamehame Flueggea neowawraea Endangered Hawaii 59 FR 56333, 11/10/1994.
Hawaiian gardenia Gardenia brighamii Endangered Hawaii 50 FR 33728, 8/21/1985.
Nanu Gardenia remyi Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common name Hesperomannia arborescens Endangered Hawaii 59 FR 14482, 3/28/1994.
Mao hau hele Hibiscus brackenridgei Endangered Hawaii 59 FR 56333, 11/10/1994.
Hilo ischaemum Ischaemum byrone Endangered Hawaii 59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
Wahine noho kula Isodendrion pyrifolium Endangered Hawaii 59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
Ohe Joinvillea ascendens ssp. ascendens Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Kamapuaa Kadua fluviatilis Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common name Kadua haupuensis Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common name Labordia lorenciana Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Uhi uhi Mezoneuron kavaiense Endangered Hawaii 51 FR 24672, 7/8/1986.
Kolea Myrsine fosbergii Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Aiea Nothocestrum latifolium Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Holei Ochrosia haleakalae Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Holei Ochrosia kilaueaensis Endangered Hawaii 59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
Makou Peucedanum sandwicense Endangered Hawaii 59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
No common name Phyllostegia brevidens Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common name Phyllostegia parviflora Endangered Hawaii 61 FR 53108, 10/10/1996.
White Bluffs bladderpod Physaria douglasi ssp. tuplashensis Threatened Washington 78 FR 76995, 12/20/2013.
Kuahiwi laukahi Plantago princeps Endangered Hawaii 59 FR 56333, 11/10/1994.
No common name Platanthera holochila Endangered Hawaii 61 FR 53108, 10/10/1996.
Ihi Portulaca villosa Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Baker's loulu Pritchardia bakeri Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Enaena Pseudognaphalium sandwicensium var. molokaiense Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Makou Ranunculus hawaiensis Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Makou Ranunculus mauiensis Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common name Sanicula sandwicensis Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Iliahi Santalum involutum Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Dwarf naupaka Scaevola coriacea Endangered Hawaii 51 FR 17971, 5/16/1986.
Awiwi Schenkia sebaeoides Endangered Hawaii 56 FR 55770, 10/29/1991.
No common name Schiedea diffusa ssp. diffusa Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Maolioli Schiedea pubescens Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Ohai Sesbania tomentosa Endangered Hawaii 59 FR 56333, 11/10/1994.
Anunu Sicyos lanceoloideus Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Anunu Sicyos macrophyllus Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common name Silene lanceolata Endangered Hawaii 57 FR 46325, 10/8/1992.
Popolo Solanum nelsonii Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common name Spermolepis hawaiiensis Endangered Hawaii 59 FR 56333, 11/10/1994.
Ae Zanthoxylum hawaiiense Endangered Hawaii 59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
Ferns and Allies
Pendant kihi fern Adenophorus periens Endangered Hawaii 59 FR 56333, 11/10/1994.
Asplenium-leaved diellia Asplenium dielerectum Endangered Hawaii 59 FR 56333, 11/10/1994.
No common name Asplenium diellaciniatum Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Pauoa Ctenitis squamigera Endangered Hawaii 59 FR 49025, 9/26/1994.
Kupukupu makalii Cyclosorus boydiae Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common name Deparia kaalaana Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Hohiu Dryopteris glabra var. pusilla Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common name Huperzia stemmermanniae Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Olua Hypolepis hawaiiensis var. mauiensis Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common name Microlepia strigosa var. mauiensis Endangered Hawaii 81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common name Pteris lidgatei Endangered Hawaii 59 FR 49025, 9/26/1994.


Request for New Information

To ensure that a 5-year review is complete and based on the best available scientific and commercial information, we request new information from all sources. See What Information Do We Consider in Our Review? for specific criteria. If you submit information, please support it with documentation such as maps, bibliographic references, methods used to gather and analyze the data, and/or copies of any pertinent publications, reports, or letters by knowledgeable sources.

If you wish to provide information for any species listed in the table, please submit your comments and materials to the appropriate contact in ADDRESSES .

Public Availability of Comments

Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment-including your personal identifying information-may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so.

Comments and materials received will be available for public inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the offices to which the comments are submitted.

Completed and Active Reviews

A list of all completed and currently active 5-year reviews addressing species for which the Pacific Region of the Service has lead responsibility is available at http://www.fws.gov/pacific/ecoservices/endangered/recovery/5year.html.

Authority

This document is published under the authority of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq. ).

Dated: March 8, 2019.

Mary M. Abrams,

Acting Regional Director, Pacific Region, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

[FR Doc. 2019-12244 Filed 6-10-19; 8:45 am]

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